Scouting for boys

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Scouting for boys
Scouting-for-boys-cover-design-2.jpg
Undertittel: A Handbook for Instruction
in Good Citizenship
Forfatter: Robert Baden-Powell
Utgitt: Publisert i deler fra 15. januar 1908
Boken kom 1. mai 1908
Utgiver: Horace Cox
Les mer om speidingen i England Flagg England.png

Om Scouting for boys

Scouting for boys er B-Ps kjente speiderhåndbok. Den er verdens sjette mest trykte bok [1]. Rettighetene til boken er nå frigjort. Boken må leses i det lys at den er skrevet i Victoria-tiden og av en av dens helter, mens det engelske imperiet fortsatt var på sitt største.

Scouting for Boys, her i en ny utgave med originalmanuskriptet, i salg hos Speider-Sport AS, 2013.


Bakgrunn

Scouting for boys, 1908, er Lord Baden-Powells omskrivning av hans tidligere militære bøkene Reconnaissance og Scouting, 1884, og Aids to Scouting for underoffiserer og menn, 1899.

Disse bøkene var militære håndbøker, brukt av den britiske hæren å trene speidere. I 1899 ble boernes beleiring av den britiske befestningen Mafeking i Bechuanaland, som var under hans kommando kjent. Da rekrutterte Lord Baden-Powell og trente gutter i alderen 12 - 15 år som budbringere og senere til å bære de sårede. Under langvarig beleiring, klarte Mafeking å bli frigjort 17. mai 1900 og etter hendelsen nådde til England, ble han en folkehelt i de britiske kolonistatene.

Han bestemte seg for å revidere sin militære publikasjoner i en bok som bygde på ideer for å oppdra de unge generasjoner. Dette ble støttet av flere venner, inkludert Sir William Alexander Smith, grunnleggeren av Boys Brigade, og Cyril Arthur Pearson, som eide aviser og trykkerier.

I 1906 og 1907 tilbrakte Lord Baden-Powell mye tid på å skrive Scouting for boys og fremme sine ideer om speiderideen. Disse ble testet i en leir på Brownsea Island i sommeren 1907, der Cyril Arthur Pearson litterære redaktør Percy Everett assisterte.

SitatI am just breaking up Camp here - I am in a tearing hurry! The Camp has been a great success but hardish work.Sitat
Lord Baden-Powell i ett brev, i slutten av Brownsea Island-leiren 1907, se flere speidersitater her

Scouting for boys ble utgitt i seks deler hver fjortende dag på ca 70 sider hver, fra januar til mars 1908. Disse seks publikasjoner ble en suksess, og som planlagt ble utstedt i bokform 1. mai 1908. Lord Baden-Powell reiste rundt og holdt foredrag om speideridéen.

Den amerikanske speiderpioneren Ernest Thompson Seton fastholdt at mye av stoffet i Scouting for boys var tatt fra hans The Birch Bark Rolls, 1906, der han samlet en rekke av historiene han hadde brukt i Woodcraft Indians, et friluftsinspirert ungdomsaktivitet.[1]. The Birch Bark Roll, les den her: [2].

På nettstedet The Dump kan du laste ned Scouting for boys: [3]

Bokens kapitler

Deler Scouting for boys - ulike kapitler
Part I. Scoutcraft
1 Mafeking boy scouts, Scouts' work, "Kim", Books
2 Summary of scout's course of instruction, the Elsdon murder
3 Boy scouts' organisation, the scout's oath, Scout's salute and secret sign, scout's uniform, scout's war songs, patrol signs
4 Scout law, scouting games, scout's play
Part II. Tracking, Woodcraft
5 Observation of "sign", Noticing sign, Details of people, Signs round a dead body, Details in the country, Using your eyes, Books to read on observation, hints to instructors, Games in observation
6 Spooring, Men's tracks, hints to spooring, hints to instructors, Tracking games, Books to read on spooring
7 Reading "sign" or deduction, Instances of deduction, Hints to instructors, Example of practice in deduction, Books to read
8 Stalking, How to hide yourself, How to teach stalking, Games in stalking, Books on stalking
9 Animals, Birds, Reptiles and fishes, Insects, Hints to instructors, Honours, Lion hunting, Books to read, Play
10 Plants, Trees, Hints for instructor, Games, Books to read, Play
Part III. Camp life, Campaigning
11 Pioneering, Hut building, Felling trees, How to make bridges, Self measures, the scout is always a handy-man, Hints to instructors, Books to read
12 Camping, Comfort in camp, Camp fires-the right way of making them, Tidiness, Hints to instructors
13 Camp life, Cooking, Bread making, Cattle-driving and slaughtering, Cleanliness, Water, Hints to instructors, Camp games, Book to read
14 Life in the open, Exploration, Boat cruising, Watermanship, Mountaineering, Patrolling, Night work, Weather wisdom, Hints to instructors, Games, Books on life in the open
15 Pathfinding, Judging heights and distances, Finding the North, Hints to instructors, Games in pathfinding, Books to read
16 Information by signal, Signalling, Whistle and flag signals, Practices in signalling, Hints to instructors, Marks towards badges of honour in campaigning, Dispatch running, Display
Part IV. Endurance and chivalry
17 How to grow strong: A scout's endurance, Exercises and their object, The nose, Ears, Eyes, Teeth, Hints to instructors, Games to develop strength, Books to read
18 Health-giving habits: How to keep healthy, Keep yourself clean, Smoking, Drinking, Early rising, Smile, Practices, Books to read
19 Prevention of disease: Camp doctoring, Microbes and how to fight them, Food, Clothing, Practices, Games, Books to read
20 Chivalry of the knights: Chivalry to others, St. George, The knights' code, Unselfishness, Self-sacrifice, Kindness, Tips, Friendliness, Politeness, Courtesy to women, Practices, Hints to instructors, Games, Play, Books to read
21 Self-discipline: To instructors, Honour, Obedience and discipline, Courage, Good temper and cheeriness, Books to read, Practice in self-discipline, Games
22 Self-improvement:To instructors, Duty to God, Thrift, How to make money, How to get on, Practices in self-improvement, Information on professions, etc, Books to read, (in part V:) Sobriety, Practise observation, Fortitude, Notes to instructors
Part V. Saving life and patriotism
23 Be prepared for accidents: Hints to instructors, The knights of St. John, Life-saving medals, Practice for life saving
24 Accidents and how to deal with them: Panics, Rescue from fire, Directions, Rescue from drowning, Rescue from runaway horses, Miscellaneous accidents, Mad dog, Practices in life-saving, Books to read
25 Helping others: Rendering first aid, Snake bite, Grit in the eye, Suicides, How to carry a patient, How to practice, Games, Books to read
26 Our empire: Hints to instructors, Our empire, How our empire grew, how the empire must be held, Hints to instructors, Books to read, Display
27 Citizenship: Scout's duty as a citizen, Duties as citizen-soldier, Marksmanship, Helping police, Hints to instructors, Games, Books to read
28 United we stand, divided we fall: Hints to instructors, Our Navy and Army, Our flag, Our government, Our King, Books to read
Part VI. Notes for instructors, Scouting games, practices, and displays
Play the game: don't look on, The British Empire wants your help, Fall of the Roman Empire was due to bad citizenship, Bad citizenship is becoming apparent in this country to-day, Football, Our future citizens, Peace-scouting, Militarism, How to teach scouting, Authorities who might find the scheme useful, Hints to instructors, Be Prepared, Clubroom, The handbook, Course of instruction, Method of instruction, Imagination, Responsibility to juniors, Discipline, Religion, Continence, Hints to instructors, Forming character, Conclusion, Books on the subject
Notes to instructors, Scoutcraft, Tracking, Woodcraft, Camp life, Books to read, Campaigning and pathfinding, Endurance and health, Chivalry, Saving life and first aid, Patriotism, Play the game!, The storming of Delhi, The Maple Leaf Forever, The song of Australia, God bless the Prince of Wales, God save the King, Sample programme of athletics sports, Non-scouting games, Basket ball, Books to read
Suggestions for a display
True scouting stories
Corrections

Teknisk

  • Scouting for boys (First published ed.). London, Windsor House, Bream's Buildings, E.C.: Horace Cox (printer for C.A. Pearson). Januar til mars 1908. pp. 6 deler med 70 sider hver.
  • Scouting for boys (første bokform, klut-bundet red.). London, Henrietta Street: C. Arthur Pearson Ltd. 1. mai 1908.

pp. 288 sider

Illustrasjoner til boken

B-P illustrerte boken selv. Se noen av de på siden Bilder og illustrasjoner av og med Lord Baden-Powell.

Inspirasjonskilder for utgivelsen

Den amerikanske speiderpioneren Ernest Thompson Seton fastholdt at mye av stoffet i Scouting for boys var tatt fra hans The Birch Bark Rolls, 1906, der han samlet en rekke av historiene han hadde brukt i Woodcraft Indians, et friluftsinspirert ungdomsaktivitet.[2]. The Birch Bark Roll, les den her: [4].

SitatWhat weighs an ounce in the morning, weighs a pound at night? Answer: A lie.Sitat
Earnest Thompson Seton, The Birch Bark Roll (Les den her [5]), en forløper til Scouting for boys, se flere speidersitater her

The Birch Bark Roll, les den her: [6]) ble utgitt av Earnest Thompson Seton i USA.

Norske utgaver og oversettelser

Scouting for boys kom ut i norsk utgave, Speiding, 1952, da som i en verdensbrorskapsutgave. Det var Johan Saastad som foretok oversettelsen og denne blir omtalt på en egen side.

I boka "Twenty-one years of scouting" (med undertittelen "The official history of the boy scout movement from its inception") av E. K. Wade i 1929 [7], refereres det til et notat Baden-Powell skrev i oktober:1908. Der skriver B-P

"Progress of the Movement is everywhere evident, and in each of the colonies branches are already being established, with the prospect of further development. The scheme has also been taken up in Germany by a strong committee of eminent representative men whose delegate has already visited London with a view to taking up all information on the subject. The handbook has already been translated into Russian and Norwegian." [3]

Utklipp og minner

Diskusjon

Her skal forsøke å gjengi en del av dette. Se også andre speiderhåndbøker. Har du flere opplysninger? Bidra selv, eller send oss en e-post [8]

Om skrevne og visuelle kilder innen speiding

Lenker

Referanser

  1. Artikkel på Speidermuseet.no om Seton
  2. Artikkel på Speidermuseet.no om Seton
  3. Wade, E. K.: "Twenty-one years of scouting. The official history of the boy scout movement from its inception", 1929. Sitat fra s 39 i avskrift
  4. Femti år for norske gutter s. 21 1961